The 2013 Tesla Model S electric luxury sedan is offered with several different battery packs, and now the Environmental Protection Agency has rated the energy efficiency of the Tesla's middle option, a 60-kWh lithium-ion battery pack. The EPA says that Model S sedans equipped with the 60-kWh battery average 94/97 mpge (city/highway) for a combined rating of 95 mpge, and can travel 208 miles on a single battery charge.
The estimates show that the 2013 Tesla Model S is slightly more energy efficient when equipped with its smaller, lighter battery pack. The EPA says the top-spec 85-kWh model averages 89 mpge combined and travels 265 miles on a charge. The range estimates vary significantly from Tesla's predictions: Tesla hoped the two cars would travel 300 and 230 miles, respectively, compared to the EPA's more conservative 265- and 208-mile ratings. The cheapest battery pack, rated at 40-kWH, has yet to be tested by the EPA.
The Tesla Model S is slightly less powerful when equipped with its 60-kWh battery, which also contributes to the higher energy efficiency. The company says the car's electric motor provides 302 hp and a 5.9-second 0-to-60-mph time with the 60-kWh battery pack. Stepping up to the 85-kWh battery unlocks 362 hp and a 5.6-second acceleration time; the pricey Model S Performance version uses the same battery but offers 416 hp and a claimed 4.4-second 0-to-60-mph sprint.
The 95 mpge rating is lower than many other all-electric cars, but that's primarily because the Tesla is larger, more powerful, and more luxurious than most other EVs. According to the EPA, the Ford Focus Electric manages 105 mpge combined, the Nissan Leaf averages 99 mpge combined, and the Honda Fit EV achieves 118 mpge combined.
Pricing for the 2013 Tesla Model S recently jumped by $2500. A sedan with the base 40-kWh battery pack now starts at $59,900, one with the 60-kWh battery is $69,900, and opting for the 85-kWh battery will set buyers back $79,900. A fully-loaded Tesla Model S Performance carries a sticker price of $94,900.
We named the 2013 Tesla Model S our 2013 Automobile of the Year,. Despite losing money for years, Tesla now expects to make a slight profit by the end of this year. The company hopes to deliver another 20,000 vehicles in 2013.
Sources: EPA, Tesla