Ford Teaches Drivers to Save Gas Through EcoDriving

I'm going 50 mph down the highway in a 2008 Ford F-150 King Ranch, trying to keep up with right-lane traffic without stressing the engine beyond 2000 rpm.

"You have to pretend there's an egg under the gas pedal," says Pro Formance Driving School instructor Todd Cook.

It's not how I'd ever imagined spending a day at a Ford-sponsored driving event, but, as they say, times change. Ford thinks drivers can significantly improve their observed fuel economy through simple changes in their habits. To that end, the automaker invited us to its headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan, for a short course in what it calls EcoDriving.

EcoDriving, which Ford said it developed from German drivers' education, combines many simple fuel-conserving tips with the type of instruction one normally receives in performance driving school. Ford offered a four-day trial course in Phoenix and got volunteers to improve their fuel economy by an average of 24 percent. It cut down the program to one afternoon to provide us a taste of how EcoDriving works.

After climbing into the decidedly non-eco friendly King Ranch, Cook and I went off on a short jaunt around Dearborn to get a baseline fuel economy average. He told me to drive as I normally would as we negotiated a mix of stop-and-go traffic, neighborhoods, and highways. Nevertheless, I accelerated gently, traveled at low speeds, and generally pretended my mother was in the backseat so as to provide the highest benchmark possible.

I netted 13.9 mpg - almost exactly matching the EPA estimate of 14 mpg for combined driving. Cook reset the trip computer and told me to redo the same route, but this time with some special instructions.

He told me to keep the engine under 2000 rpm whenever possible, and showed me how to force the automatic transmission into a higher gear by letting up slightly on the accelerator pedal just as we hit that magic number of revs.

He also tried to instill in me a new awareness of our surroundings. As a green light came into view in the distance, he asked me what the crosswalk signal read. A flashing hand indicated the light would soon turn, meaning I should roll to a stop. On the highway, Cook taught me to accelerate on downhill stretches and then coast up the next crest (most cruise control systems I have used do the opposite).

It was odd, almost eerie, to be driving a mammoth truck this gingerly. Fellow drivers, clearly accustomed to seeing such beasts barrel up behind their rear bumpers and bully them into the slow lane, regarded me warily before passing. The F-150 also made clear that it was not designed for such babying. Quick throttle tip-in made it hard to ease away from stoplights, and the automatic's four gears did not afford the engine much rest at highway speeds.

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